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kafka安装

发布时间:2023-11-30 17:20:57

下载

kafka下载地址:http://kafka.apache.org/downloads.html

解压命令:**tar -zxvf kafka_2.12-3.0.0.tgz -C /usr/local/**

重命名:**mv ./kafka_2.12-3.0.0/ ./kafka_2.12**

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进入解压目录,修改server.properties文件:**vi /usr/local/kafka_2.12/config/server.properties **

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例子:

# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more# contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0# (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with# the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at##    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0## Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and# limitations under the License.# see kafka.server.KafkaConfig for additional details and defaults############################# Server Basics ############################## The id of the broker. This must be set to a unique integer for each broker.broker.id=0############################# Socket Server Settings ############################## The address the socket server listens on. It will get the value returned from # java.net.InetAddress.getCanonicalHostName() if not configured.#   FORMAT:#     listeners = listener_name://host_name:port#   EXAMPLE:#     listeners = PLAINTEXT://your.host.name:9092listener=PLAINTEXT://192.168.31.122:9092# Hostname and port the broker will advertise to producers and consumers. If not set, # it uses the value for "listeners" if configured.  Otherwise, it will use the value# returned from java.net.InetAddress.getCanonicalHostName().#advertised.listeners=PLAINTEXT://your.host.name:9092# Maps listener names to security protocols, the default is for them to be the same. See the config documentation for more details#listener.security.protocol.map=PLAINTEXT:PLAINTEXT,SSL:SSL,SASL_PLAINTEXT:SASL_PLAINTEXT,SASL_SSL:SASL_SSL# The number of threads that the server uses for receiving requests from the network and sending responses to the networknum.network.threads=3# The number of threads that the server uses for processing requests, which may include disk I/Onum.io.threads=8# The send buffer (SO_SNDBUF) used by the socket serversocket.send.buffer.bytes=102400# The receive buffer (SO_RCVBUF) used by the socket serversocket.receive.buffer.bytes=102400# The maximum size of a request that the socket server will accept (protection against OOM)socket.request.max.bytes=10487600port=9092host.name=192.168.31.122.host.name=192.168.31.122############################# Log Basics ############################## A comma separated list of directories under which to store log fileslog.dirs=/tmp/kafka-logs# The default number of log partitions per topic. More partitions allow greater# parallelism for consumption, but this will also result in more files across# the brokers.num.partitions=2# The number of threads per data directory to be used for log recovery at startup and flushing at shutdown.# This value is recommended to be increased for installations with data dirs located in RAID array.num.recovery.threads.per.data.dir=1############################# Internal Topic Settings  ############################## The replication factor for the group metadata internal topics "__consumer_offsets" and "__transaction_state"# For anything other than development testing, a value greater than 1 is recommended to ensure availability such as 3.offsets.topic.replication.factor=1.ransaction.state.log.replication.factor=1.ransaction.state.log.min.isr=1############################# Log Flush Policy ############################## Messages are immediately written to the filesystem but by default we only fsync() to sync# the OS cache lazily. The following configurations control the flush of data to disk.# There are a few important trade-offs here:#    1. Durability: Unflushed data may be lost if you are not using replication.#    2. Latency: Very large flush intervals may lead to latency spikes when the flush does occur as there will be a lot of data to flush.#    3. Throughput: The flush is generally the most expensive operation, and a small flush interval may lead to excessive seeks.# The settings below allow one to configure the flush policy to flush data after a period of time or# every N messages (or both). This can be done globally and overridden on a per-topic basis.# The number of messages to accept before forcing a flush of data to disk#log.flush.interval.messages=10000# The maximum amount of time a message can sit in a log before we force a flush#log.flush.interval.ms=1000############################# Log Retention Policy ############################## The following configurations control the disposal of log segments. The policy can# be set to delete segments after a period of time, or after a given size has accumulated.# A segment will be deleted whenever *either* of these criteria are met. Deletion always happens# from the end of the log.# The minimum age of a log file to be eligible for deletion due to agelog.retention.hours=168# A size-based retention policy for logs. Segments are pruned from the log unless the remaining# segments drop below log.retention.bytes. Functions independently of log.retention.hours.#log.retention.bytes=1073741824# The maximum size of a log segment file. When this size is reached a new log segment will be created.log.segment.bytes=1073741824# The interval at which log segments are checked to see if they can be deleted according# to the retention policieslog.retention.check.interval.ms=300000############################# Zookeeper ############################## Zookeeper connection string (see zookeeper docs for details).# This is a comma separated host:port pairs, each corresponding to a zk# server. e.g. "127.0.0.1:3000,127.0.0.1:3001,127.0.0.1:3002".# You can also append an optional chroot string to the urls to specify the# root directory for all kafka znodes.zookeeper.connect=192.168.31.122:2181# Timeout in ms for connecting to zookeeperzookeeper.connection.timeout.ms=18000############################# Group Coordinator Settings ############################## The following configuration specifies the time, in milliseconds, that the GroupCoordinator will delay the initial consumer rebalance.# The rebalance will be further delayed by the value of group.initial.rebalance.delay.ms as new members join the group, up to a maximum of max.poll.interval.ms.# The default value for this is 3 seconds.# We override this to 0 here as it makes for a better out-of-the-box experience for development and testing.# However, in production environments the default value of 3 seconds is more suitable as this will help to avoid unnecessary, and potentially expensive, rebalances during application startup.group.initial.rebalance.delay.ms=0

启动: **/usr/local/kafka_2.12/bin/kafka-server-start.sh /usr/local/kafka_2.12/config/server.properties &**

查看topic列表命令kafka常用命令: ./kafka-topics.sh --bootstrap-server 192.168.31.122:9092 --list创建topic主题命令:(创建testtopic, 数据分别存储在一个分区,数据备份共1份)./kafka-topics.sh --bootstrap-server 192.168.31.122:9092 --create --topic topic1 --partitions 1 --replication-factor 1

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kafka命令发送数据:(然后我们可以编写数据发送)./kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list 192.168.31.122:9092 --topic topic1

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kafka命令接收数据:(然后我们可以看到消费信息)./kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server 192.168.31.122:9092 --topic topic1

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删除topic命令:./kafka-topics.sh --bootstrap-server 192.168.31.122:9092 --delete --topic topic1查看topoic详情:** ./kafka-topics.sh --bootstrap-server 192.168.31.122:9092 --topic topic1 --describe **

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